Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography or SPECT is a functional imaging technique that can be used to acquire high resolution images of the brain. SPECT imaging is advantageous in detecting a traumatic brain injury after a fall or an accident. The basic objective of SPECT is to determine the areas in the brain which are functioning normally and those that are less active.
The Rancho Los Amigo Scale is a useful tool which is designed for the assessment of recovery in patients suffering from a traumatic brain injury. The changes in the behavior and cognitive functioning of the brain during the recovery from head injury can be described using the Rancho scale. There are 10 levels involved in the scale which describe the status of recovery in a TBI patient.
The traditional practice of Neuropsychological Assessment was to check and analyze the extent of a particular skill of a person that has been impaired and it also assisted in locating a specific area in the brain which could have been damaged as a result of a brain injury. There are many new neuroimaging technologies nowadays that accurately locate a section of the brain that has been injured.
In a traumatic brain injury, the inner tissues and parts of the brain can get damaged. TBI can result into many problems associated with the cognitive functioning of different parts of the brain. TBI also leads to post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE) and post-traumatic seizures (PTS) in some cases. Changes in the movement of the body or functions such as sensing objects around, attentiveness,
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